• City of Los Angeles, Community Development Department
• Piping Industry Progress & Education Fund
• International Association of Plumbing & Mechanical Officials
• National Inspection, Testing, Certification Corporation
STUDY WORKING GROUP MEMBERS
Senior Advisor on Food Policy, Special Projects in Water, Office of Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, City of Los Angeles
Associate, GeoSyntec Consultants
Freshwater Program Director, Environment Now
Executive Director, Council for Watershed Health
Estolano LeSar Perez Advisors LLC
Partner, Carollo Engineers
Executive Director, Santa Monica Bay Restoration Commission
Water Use Efficiency and Jobs
Released December 2011. Public investments in water use efficiency projects stimulate economic activity that is twice as great as the initial investment. One person-year of employment is created for each $72,400 that is invested. Underwritten by the City of Los Angeles, PIPE, IAMPO and NITCC.
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The work plan outlined on this page provides reliable and practical information about the job impacts of an integrated wastewater, storm water, runoff, and recycled water program that maximizes beneficial reuse of existing water resources in the City of Los Angeles. This includes the job impacts of system components for water:
The network of establishments that make water reuse possible – as well as the equipment manufacturers and service providers that supply them – have opportunities to grow and create jobs in Los Angeles. Important questions about this sector include:
- What industries make up this sector?
- Are industries in this sector growing or declining in Los Angeles?
- What are the economic impacts of growth in this sector?
- What supplier industries will benefit from growth in this sector?
- What types of jobs does this sector provide?
- How much do workers earn?
- What types of skills are necessary to work in industries that make up this sector?
- Can entry-level workers find job opportunities in these industries?
Additionally, a major portion of the study is devoted to analysis of 53 recent water efficiency investments made in the greater Los Angeles region. This analysis quantifies the economic and job impacts of 5 types of water efficiency investments:
- Recycled Water
- Groundwater Management / Remediation
- Water Conservation
- Graywater Systems Installation
The Economic Roundtable has investigated the questions above by profiling the water reuse sector, producing data and preparing a report that explains our findings. The following planned research and analysis activities will enable us to do this:
- Identifying industries that make up the water reuse sector. This information was assembled from contractor lists and interviews with knowledgeable individuals at the Board of Public Works, Department of Public Works, and Department of Water and Power, and by reviewing reports on water reuse that have been commissioned by the City of Los Angeles.
- Identifying industry codes for the water reuse sector and supplier industries for this sector. Coding systems will include the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) and Bureau of Economic Analysis codes.
- Conducting input-output analysis to project different kinds of economic impacts of water reuse establishments to identify their impact on the Los Angeles economy.
- Identifying both near-term construction impacts and long-term system maintenance and operation impacts.
- Estimating the share of commodities purchased by each industry in the water reuse sector that are purchased from local suppliers, and also identify opportunities for producing these goods and services locally rather than importing them.
- Identifying supplier industries.
- Identifying multiplier impacts in the Los Angeles economy and estimate total impacts based on scenarios projecting the scale of new expenditures in this sector:
- Employment – additional near-term and long-term jobs created.
- ii. Output – additional near-term and long-term economic activity stimulated.
- Output per job – annual sales required to create one job.
- Identifying the current size and trends of growth and decline from 1996 to 2008 in industries that make up the water reuse sectors.
- Breakout trend information for the City and County of Los Angeles.
- Produce maps showing the geographic distribution of establishments in this sector in 2008.
- Analyzing the characteristics of jobs in water reuse industries to produce the following information:
* Pending funding from the City of Los Angeles Community Development Department.
- Occupational profiles of principal industries.*
- Occupational Wages.*
- Occupational Skill Levels (especially length of training).*
Delivering a report on the job impacts of water recharge, re-use and conservation that addresses the questions outlined above and presents, analyzes and explains the information produced through the tasks detailed in this scope of work. The report includes data and narrative, and will become a public domain document upon completion. Meet with stakeholders to provide a briefing on findings from the study.
Library of Relevant Reports, Articles & Organization/Agency Links
- "Water Works: Rebuilding Infrastructure, Creating Jobs, Greening the Environment" Green for All, September 2011.
- "Sizing the Clean Economy: A National and Regional Green Jobs Assessment" The Brookings Institution, Metropolitan Policy Program, by Mark Muro, Jonathan Rothwell, and Devashree Saha with Battelle Technology Partnership Practice, July 2011.
- "California's Green Economy" California Green Workforce Coalition & Bonnie Graybill, Employment Development Department Labor Market Information Division, July 9, 2010
- "A Retrospective Estimate of the Economic Impacts of Reduced Water Supplies to the San Joaquin Valley in 2009" by Jeffrey Michael, Richard Howitt, Josué Medellín-Azuara, and Duncan MacEwan, September 2010
- "Environmental Scan: Water and Wastewater Occupations, Bay Region" Baywork, Centers of Excellence - San Francisco Bay and Greater Silicon Valley, November 2009
- "A Clear Blue Future: How Greening California Cities Can Address Water Resources and Climate Challenges in the 21st Century" by David S. Beckman, Noah Garrison, NRDC; Robert C. Wilkinson, Ph.D., Donald Bren School of Environmental Science and Management; Richard Horner, Ph.D., University of Washington . Natural Resources Defense Council. August 2009.
- "Vibrant Communities, Healthy Waters, and Job Opportunities" American Rivers, 2009
- "Securing L.A.’s Water Supply" Mayor Antonio R. Villaraigosa & the City of Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. May 2008
- Greener Pathways: Jobs and Workforce Development in the Clean Energy Economy. by Sarah White and Jason Walsh. Center on Wisconsin Strategy, The Workforce Alliance, The Apollo Alliance. 2008
- Energy Efficiency Equals Economic Development: The Economics of Public Utility System Benefit Funds. by Jerrold Oppenheim and Theo MacGregor, June 2008
- Local Government Investment in Municipal Water and Sewer Infrastructure: Adding Value to the National Economy. by the Cadmus Group (Watertown, MA), presented to the U.S. Conference of Mayors Mayors Water Council. August 2008.
- “Where Will We Get the Water? Assessing Southern California’s Future Water Strategies” LAEDC, 2008
- “A Southern California Vision: Water Supply Development Through Local Projects” LA Women of Water, 2007
Documents listed on this page are available for download by right-clicking on links.
File formats are defined by the icons next to them: Adobe Acrobat PDF, MS Word file and MS Excel file.
Comments and Questions
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